Christoossov pasijon

Težave s križi nekega naključnega mimoidočega

GPLv3 je uradno zunaj

Posted by christooss na 1 julij 2007

Ker sem na dopustu t.j. brez interneta (Fotr pozabil plačat račune!!!!) uradna izjava v angleščini.

    BOSTON, Massachusetts, USA — Friday, June 29, 2007 — The Free
    Software Foundation (FSF) today released version 3 of the GNU General
    Public License (GNU GPL), the world’s most popular free software
    license.

    “Since we founded the free software movement, over 23 years ago, the
    free software community has developed thousands of useful programs
    that respect the user’s freedom. The programs are in the GNU/Linux
    operating system, as well as personal computers, telephones, Internet
    servers, and more. Most of these programs use the GNU GPL to
    guarantee every user the freedom to run, study, adapt, improve, and
    redistribute the program,” said Richard Stallman, founder and
    president of the FSF.

    Version 3 of the GNU GPL strengthens this guarantee, by ensuring that
    users can modify the free software on their personal and household
    devices, and granting patent licenses to every user. It also extends
    compatibility with other free software licenses and increases
    international uniformity.

    Jeremy Allison, speaking on behalf of the Samba team, states that they
    see the new license as “a great improvement on the older GPL,” and
    that it is “a necessary update to deal with the new threats to free
    software that have emerged since version 2 of the GPL.”

    The warm embrace of much of the community should come as no surprise,
    for the license is the final result of an unprecedented drafting
    process that has seen four published drafts in eighteen months. These
    were the basis for a discussion that included thousands of comments
    from the public. This feedback, along with input from committees
    representing the public and private sectors, and legal advice from the
    Software Freedom Law Center, was used in writing the text of GPL
    version 3.

    “By hearing from so many different groups in a public drafting
    process, we have been able to write a license that successfully
    addresses a broad spectrum of concerns. But even more importantly,
    these different groups have had an opportunity to find common ground
    on important issues facing the free software community today, such as
    patents, tivoization, and Treacherous Computing,” said the
    Foundation’s executive director, Peter Brown.

    Tivoization and Treacherous (aka, “Trusted”) Computing are schemes to
    prevent users from utilizing modified or alternate software. The
    former simply blocks modified software from running; the latter
    enables web sites to refuse to talk to modified software. Both are
    typically used to impose malicious features such as Digital
    Restrictions Management (DRM). GPL version 3 does not restrict the
    features of a program; in particular, it does not prohibit DRM.
    However, it prohibits the use of tivoization and Treacherous Computing
    to stop users from changing the software. Thus, they are free to
    remove whatever features they may dislike.

    Karl Berry, long-time GNU developer and Texinfo maintainer, believes
    that “the GPL is the fundamental license that ties the free software
    community together, and version 3 does an excellent job of updating
    the license to the present-day computing reality.” Elated by the new
    patent clause, he bemoans software patents as “a scourge on our
    cooperative efforts.”

    Over fifteen GNU programs will be released under the new license
    today, and the entire GNU Project will follow suit in the coming
    months. The FSF will also encourage adoption of the license through
    education and outreach programs. “A lot of time and effort went into
    this license. Now free programs must adopt it so as to offer their
    users its stronger protection for their freedom,” Stallman said.

    The final license is published at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html.

    About the GNU General Public License (GNU GPL)

    The GNU GPL is the most widely used free software license worldwide:
    almost three quarters of all free software packages are distributed
    under this license. It is not, however, the only free software
    license.

    Richard Stallman wrote the version 1 and 2 of the GNU GPL with legal
    advice from Perkins, Smith & Cohen. Version 1 was released in 1989,
    and version 2 in 1991. Since 1991, free software use has increased
    tremendously, and computing practices have changed, introducing new
    opportunities and new threats. In 2005, Stallman began revising the
    GPL for version 3. In January 2006, the FSF began a systematic process
    of public review and feedback, with legal advice and organizational
    support from the Software Freedom Law Center.

    About the GNU Operating System and Linux

    Richard Stallman announced in September 1983 the plan to develop a
    free software Unix-like operating system called GNU. GNU is the only
    operating system developed specifically for the sake of users’
    freedom. See http://www.gnu.org/gnu/the-gnu-project.html.

    In 1992, the essential components of GNU were complete, except for
    one, the kernel. When in 1992 the kernel Linux was re-released under
    the GNU GPL, making it free software, the combination of GNU and Linux
    formed a complete free operating system, which made it possible for
    the first time to run a PC without non-free software. This combination
    is the GNU/Linux system. For more explanation, see
    http://www.gnu.org/gnu/gnu-linux-faq.html.

    The GNU components in the GNU system will be released under GPL
    version 3, once it is finalized. The licensing of Linux will be
    decided by the developers of Linux. If they decide to stay with GPL
    version 2, then the GNU/Linux system will contain GNU packages using
    GNU GPL version 3, alongside Linux under GNU GPL version 2. Many other
    packages with various licenses make up the full GNU/Linux system.

    About Free Software and Open Source

    The free software movement’s goal is freedom for computer users. Some,
    especially corporations, advocate a different viewpoint, known as
    “open source,” which cites only practical goals such as making
    software powerful and reliable, focuses on development models, and
    avoids discussion of ethics and freedom. These two viewpoints are
    different at the deepest level. For more explanation, see
    http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html

    The GNU GPL is used by developers with various views, but it was
    written to serve the ethical goals of the free software movement. Says
    Stallman, “The GNU GPL makes sense in terms of its purpose: freedom
    and social solidarity. Trying to understand it in terms of the goals
    and values of open source is like trying understand a CD drive’s
    retractable drawer as a cupholder. You can use it for that, but that
    is not what it was designed for.”

    About The Free Software Foundation

    The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to
    promoting computer users’ right to use, study, copy, modify, and
    redistribute computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and
    use of free (as in freedom) software — particularly the GNU operating
    system and its GNU/Linux variants — and free documentation for free
    software. The FSF also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and
    political issues of freedom in the use of software. Its web site,
    located at http://www.fsf.org, is an important source of information about
    GNU/Linux. Donations to support the FSF’s work can be made at
    http://donate.fsf.org. Its headquarters are in Boston, MA, USA.

    Media contacts:

    Brett Smith
    Licensing Compliance Engineer
    Free Software Foundation
    617-542-5942×18
    brett@fsf.org

    John Sullivan
    Campaigns Manager
    Free Software Foundation
    617-542-5942×23
    johns@fsf.org

    Joshua Gay
    Campaigns Manager
    Free Software Foundation
    617-542-5942×19
    jgay@fsf.org
    ###

    _______________________________________________
    info-fsf mailing list info-fsf@gnu.org
    http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/info-fsf

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim WordPress.com računom. Log Out / Spremeni )

Twitter picture

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim Twitter računom. Log Out / Spremeni )

Facebook photo

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim Facebook računom. Log Out / Spremeni )

Google+ photo

Komentirate prijavljeni s svojim Google+ računom. Log Out / Spremeni )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: